NEET 2019 Syllabus & Weightage for Biology, Physics and Chemistry

Embarking a medicine career starts off with clearing NEET Entrance Exam and the first approach is to know the complete syllabus along with important topics. According to this year’s statistics, the NEET 2019 national level entrance exam is expected to see more than 13-Lakh aspirants giving an attempt for which the exam tags to be a highly competitive one. Our experts analyzed the chapter wise weightage and important topics of NEET 2019 for an advantage, with reference to NTA official information. So, you can decide and plan the preparation as per the weightage has given to a topic in a subject. Determine the importance accordingly and focus on the high score fetching chapters, let’s now dive deep into it without late.

NEET 2019 Chapter Wise Weightage and Important Topics:

NEET BIOLOGY WEIGHTATE & SYLLABUS

Biology subject carries the maximum weightage in NEET exam, it will comprise of 90 questions on the whole. Have a look at the NEET Biology Syllabus along with the weightage of all the chapters and units included therein.

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Section Unit weightage Topic
Biology Diversity in Living World 8 What is living
Biodiversity
Need for classification
Three domains of life
Taxonomy & Systematics
Concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy
Binomial nomenclature
Tools for study of Taxonomy
Museums
Zoos
Herbaria
Botanical gardens
Five kingdom classification
Salient features and classification of Monera
Protista and Fungi into major groups
Lichens
Viruses and Viroids
Salient features and classification of plants into major groups
Algae
Bryophytes
Pteridophytes
Three to five sailent features of Gymnosperms and Angiosperms
Distinguish features of Gymnosperms and Angiosperms
Examples of Gymnosperms and Angiosperms
Classification of Angiosperms up to class
Characteristic features of Angiosperms
Examples of Angiosperms
Salient features and classification of Animals
Three to five sailent features of nonchordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes leve
Examples of nonchordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes leve
Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants 9 Morphology and Modifications
Tissues
Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants
Root
Stem
Leaf
Inflorescence
Cymose and Recemose
Flower
Fruit and Seed
Animal tissues
Morphology
Anatomy and functions of different systems
Digestive system of a Cockroach
Circulatory system of a Cockroach
Respiratory system of a Cockroach
Nervous and Reproductive system of a Cockroach
Cell Structure and Function 9 Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life
Structure of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cell
Plant cell and Animal cell
Cell envelope
cell membrane
cell wall
Cell organelles
Structure and Function
Endomembrane system
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Golgi bodies
Lysosomes
Vacuoles
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
Plastids
Micro bodies
Cytoskeleton
Cilia
Flagella
Ultra structure and function of Centroiles
Nucleus
Nuclear Membrane
Chromatin
Nucleolus
Chemical constituents of living cells
Biomolecules
Structure and Function of Proteins
Carbodydrates
Lipids
Nucleic acids
Enzymes
Types of Enzymes
Properties of Enzymes
Enzyme action of Enzymes
B Cell division
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Meiosis and their Significance
Plant Physiology 9 Transport in plants
Movement of water
Gases and Nutrients
Cell to cell transport
Diffusion
Facilitated diffusion
Active transport
Plant
Water relations
Imbibition
Water Potential
Osmosis
Plasmolysis
Long distance transport of water
Absorption
Apoplast
Symplast
Transpiration pull
Root pressure and guttation
Transpiration
Opening and closing of stomata
Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients
Transport of food
Phloem transport
Mass flow hypothesis
Diffusion of gases
Mineral nutrition
Essential minerals
Macro and Micronutrients and their role
Deficiency symptoms
Mineral toxicity
Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition
Nitrogen metabolism
Nitrogen cycle
Biological Nitrogen fixation
Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition
Site of photosynthesis take place
Pigments involved in Photosynthesis
Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis
Cyclic and non cyclic and photophosphorylation
Chemiosmotic hypothesis
Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways
Factors affecting photosynthesis
Respiration
Exchange gases
Cellular respiration
Glycolysis
Anaerobic Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration of TCA cycle and electron transport system
Energy relations
Number of ATP molecules generated
Amphibolic pathways
Respiratory quotient
Plant growth and development
Seed germination
Phases of Plant growth and plant growth rate
Conditions of growth
Differentiation
Dedifferentiation and Redifferentiation
Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell
Growth regulators
Auxin
Gibberellin
Cytokinin
Ethylene
ABA
Seed dormancy
Vernalisation
Photoperiodism
Human Physiology 14 Digestion and absorption
Alimentary canal and digestive glands
Role of digestive enzymes and Gastrointestinal hormones
Peristalsis
Digestion
Absorption and Assimilation of Proteins
Carbohydrates and Fats
Caloric value of proteins
Egestion
Nutritional and Digestive disorders
PEM
Indigestion
Constipation
Vomiting
Jaundice
Diarrhea
Breathing and Respiration
Respiratory organs in animals for recall only
Respiratory system in humans
Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans
Exchange of gases
Transport of gases and regulation of respiration Respiratory volumes
Disorders related to respiration
Asthma
Emphysema
Occupational respiratory disorders
Body fluids and circulation
Composition of blood
Blood groups
Coagulation of blood
Composition of Lymph and its function
Human circulatory system
Structure of Human heart and blood vessels
Cardiac cycle
Cardiac output
ECG
Double circulation
Regulation of cardiac activity
Disorders of circulatory system
Hypertension
Coronary artery disease
Angina pectoris
Heart failure
Excretory products and their elimination
Modes of excretion
Ammonotelism
Ureotelism
Uricotelism
Human excretory system
Structure and Function
Urine formation
Osmoregulation
Regulation of kidney function
Renin
Angiotensin
Atrial Natriuretic Factor
ADH and Diabetes insipidus
Role of other organs in excretion
Disorders
Uraemia
Renal failure
Renal calculi
Nephritis
Dialysis and artificial kidney
Locomotion and Movement
Types of movement
Ciliary
Fiagellar
Muscular
Skeletal muscle
Contractile Proteins and Muscle Contraction
Skeletal system and its functions
Joints
Disorders of muscular and skeletal system
Myasthenia gravis
Tetany
Muscular dystrophy
Arthritis
Osteoporosis
Gout
Neural control and coordination
Neuron and nerves
Nervous system in humans
Central Nervous system
Peripheral Nervous System and Visceral Nervous System
Generation and conduction of nerve impulse
Reflex action
Sense organs
Elementary structure and function of eye and ear
Chemical coordination and regulation
Endocrine glands and hormones
Human endocrine system
Hypothalamus
Pituitary
Pineal
Parathyroid
Thyroid
Adrenal
Pancreas
Gonads
Mechanism of hormone action
Role of hormones as messengers and regulators
Hypo and hyperactivity and related disorders including common disorders like Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Cretinism, Goiter, Exopthalmic Goiter, Diabetes and Addison’s disease.
Reproduction 7 Reproduction in organisms
Reproduction
A characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species
Modes of reproduction
Asexual and sexual
Asexual reproduction
Modes
Binary fission
Sporulation
Budding
Gemmule
Fragmentation
Vegetative propagation in plants
Sexual reproduction in flowering plants
Flower structure
Development of male and female gametophytes
Pollination
Types
Agencies and examples
Outbreeding devices
Pollen Pistil interaction
Double fertilization
Post fertilization events
Development of endosperm and embryo
Development of seed and formation of fruit
Special modes
Apomixis
Parthenocarpy
Polyembryony
Significance of seed and fruit formation
Human Reproduction
Male and female reproductive systems
Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary
Gametogenesis
Spermatogenesis
Oogenesis
Menstrual cycle
Fertilisation
Embryo development upto Blastocyst formation
Implantation
Pregnancy and placenta formation
Parturition
Lactation
Reproductive health
Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD)
Birth control
Need and Methods
Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP)
Amniocentesis
Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies like IVF, ZIFT, GIFT
Genetics and Evolution 8 Heredity and variation
Mendelian Inheritance
Deviations from Mendelism
Incomplete dominance
Co-dominance
Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups
Pleiotropy
Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance
Chromosome theory of inheritance
Chromosomes and genes
Sex determination In humans, birds and honey bee
Linkage and crossing over
Sex linked inheritance
Haemophilia
Colour blindness
Mendelian disorders in humans
Thalassemia
Chromosomal disorders in humans
Down’s syndrome
Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes
Molecular basis of Inheritance
Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material
Structure of DNA and RNA
DNA packaging
DNA replication
Central dogma
Transcription
Genetic code
Translation
Gene expression and regulationLac Operon
Genome and human genome project
DNA finger printing
Evolution
Origin of life
Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution from Paleontology
Comparative Anatomy
Embryology and Molecular evidence
Darwin’s contribution
Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution
Mechanism of evolution including Variation and Natural Selection
Types of natural selection
Gene flow and genetic drif
Hardy-Weinberg’s principle
Adaptive Radiation
Human evolution
Biology and Human Welfare 7 Health and Disease
Pathogens
Parasites causing human diseases like Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis. Typhoid, Pneumonia, Common cold, Amoebiasis, Ring worm
Basic concepts of vaccines immunology
Cancer, HIV and AIDS
Adolescence
Drug and Alcohol abuse
Improvement in Food production
Plant breeding
Tissue culture
Single cell Protein
Biofortification
Apiculture and Animal husbandry
Microbes in human welfare
In household food processing
Industrial Production
Sewage Treatment
Energy generation and as Biocontrol agents and Biofertilizers
Biotechnology and Its Applications 8 Principles and process of Biotechnology
Genetic engineering
Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture
Human insulin and vaccine production
Gene Therapy
Genetically modified organisms Bt crops
Transgenic Animals
Biosafety issues
Biopiracy and patents
Ecology and environment 11 Organisms and environment
Habitat and niche
Population and ecological adaptations
Population interactions
Mutualism
Competition
Predation
Parasitism
Population attributes
Growth
Birth rate and Death rate
Age distribution
Ecosystem
Patterns
Components
Productivity and Decomposition
Energy flow
Pyramids of number
Biomass
Energy
Nutrient cycling
Ecological succession
Ecological Services
Carbon fixation
Pollination
Oxygen release
Biodiversity and its conservation
Concept of Biodiversity
Patterns of Biodiversity
Importance of Biodiversity
Loss of Biodiversity
Biodiversity conservation
Hotspots
Endangered organisms
Extinction
Red Data Book
Biosphere reserves
National parks and sanctuaries
Environmental issues
Air pollution and its control
Water pollution and its control
Agrochemicals and their effects
Solid waste management
Radioactive waste management
Greenhouse effect and global warning
Ozone depletion
Deforestation
Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues

NEET PHYSICS WEIGHTATE & SYLLABUS

Coming to Physics, the NEET 2019 question will fetch 45 questions from it. Below, we have given the NEET Physics Syllabus along with the weightage of all units of Class 11th & 12th, including contained chapters & units. Checkout below!

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Section Unit weightage Topic
Physics Physical World and Measurement 1 or 2 Scope and Excitement
Nature of Physical laws
Physics
Technology and society
Units of Measurement
Systems of units
SI units
Fundamental and derived units
Length
Mass and Time measurements
Accuracy and precision of measuring instruments
Errors in measurement
Significant Figures
Dimensions of Physical quantities
Dimensional analysis and its applications
Kinematics 2 or 3 Frame of reference
Motion in a straight line
Position Time Graph
Speed and velocity
Uniform and non-uniform motion
Average Speed and Instantaneous Velocity
Uniformly Accelerated Motion
Velocity-time and Position-time graphs
Graphical treatment for uniformly Accelerated motion
Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion
Scalar and Vector quantities
Position and Displacement vectors
General vectors
General vectors and notation
Equality of vectors
Multiplication of vectors by a real number
Addition and Subtraction of vectors
Relative Velocity
Unit Vectors
Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components
Scalar and Vector products of Vectors
Motion in a plane
Cases of Uniform Velocity and Uniform Acceleration
Cases of Uniform Velocity and Projectile Motion
Uniform Circular Motion
Laws of Motion 2 Intuitive concept of force
Inertia
Newton’s First Law of motion
Momentum and Newton’s Second law of Motion
Impulse
Newton’s Third law of Motion
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications
Equilibrium of concurrent forces
Static and Kinetic friction
Laws of friction
Rolling friction
lubrication
Dynamics of uniform circular motion
Centripetal force
Examples of circular motion
Work, Energy and Power 2 Work done by a constant force and variable force
Kinetic Energy
Work-Energy Theorem
Power
Notion of Potential Energy
Potential energy of a spring
Conservative Forces
Conservation of Kinetic Mechanical Energy
Conservation of Potential Mechanical Energy
Non-Conservative Forces
Motion in a vertical circle
Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions
Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body 2 or 3 Centre of mass of a two-particle system
Momentum conservation and centre of mass motion
Centre of mass of a rigid body
Centre of mass of uniform rod
Moment of a force
Moment of a Torque
Angular Momentum
Conservation of Angular Momentum with some examples
Equilibrium of rigid bodies
Rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion
Comparison of linear and rotational motions
Moment of inertia
Radius of gyration
Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects with no derivation
Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications
Gravitation 2 Kepler’s laws of planetary motion
The universal law of gravitation
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth
Gravitational potential energy
Gravitational potential
Escape velocity
Orbital velocity of a satellite
Geostationary satellites
Properties of Bulk Matter 2 or 3 Elastic behavior
Stress-strain relationship
Hooke’s law
Young’s modulus
Bulk modulus
Shear
Modulus of rigidity
Poisson’s Ratio
Elastic Energy
Viscosity
Stokes’ law
Terminal velocity
Reynold’s number
Streamline and turbulent flow
Critical velocity
Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications
Surface energy and surface tension
Angle of contact
Excess of pressure
Application of surface tension ideas to drops
Bubbles and capillary rise
Heat
Temperature
Thermal expansion
Thermal expansion of solids
Thermal expansion of liquids
Thermal expansion of gases
Anomalous expansion
Specific heat capacity
Cp calorimetry
Cv calorimetry
Change of state
Latent heat
Heat transfer
Conduction and Thermal Conductivity
Convection and radiation
Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation
Wein’s displacement law
Green House effect
Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law
Thermodynamics 2 Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature
Heat, work and internal energy
First law of thermodynamics
Isothermal and adiabatic processes
Second law of the thermodynamics
Reversible and irreversible processes
Heat engines and refrigerators
Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory 1 Equation of state of a perfect gas
Work done on compressing a gas
Kinetic theory of gases
Assumptions
Concept of pressure
Kinetic energy and temperature
Degrees of freedom
law of equipartition of energy and application to specific heat capacities of gases
Concept of Mean free path
Oscillations and Waves 2 or 3 Periodic motion-period
Frequency
Displacement as a function of time
Periodic functions
Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM) and its equation
Phase
Oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant
Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion
Kinetic and potential energies
Simple pendulum
Derivation of expression for its time period
Free oscillations
Forced oscillations
Damped oscillations
Resonance
Wave motion
Longitudinal and transverse waves
Speed of Wave Motion
Displacement relation for a progressive wave
Principle of superposition of waves
Reflection of waves
Standing waves in strings and organ pipes
Fundamental mode and harmonics
Beats
Doppler effect
Electrostatics 3 Electric charges and their conservation
Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges
Forces between multiple charges
Superposition principle and continuous charge distribution
Electric fIeld
Electric field due to a point charge
Electric field lines
Electric dipole
Electric field due to a dipole
Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field
Electric flux
Statement of Gauss’s Theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire
Uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell
Electric potential
Potential difference
Electric potential due to a point charge
A dipole and system of charges
Equipotential surfaces
Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric diploes in an electrostatic field
Conductors and insulators
Free charges and bound charges inside a conductor
Dielectrics and electric polarization
Capacitors and Capacitance
Combination of capacitors in series and in parallel
Capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates
Energy stored in a Capacitor
Van de Graaff generator
Current Electricity 2 or 3 Electric current
Flow of Electric charges in a Metallic Conductor
Drift Velocity and Mobility
Drift Velocity and Mobility relation with electric current
Ohm’s law
Electrical resistance
V-I characteristics of liner and non-linear
Electrical energy and power
Electrical Resistivity and Conductivity
Carbon resistors
Colour code for carbon resistors
Series and parallel combinations of resistors
Temperature dependence of resistance
Internal Resistance of a cell
Potential difference and emf of a cell
Combination of cells in series and in parallel
Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications
Wheatstone bridge
Metre bridge
Potentiometer principle and applications to measure potential difference
And for comparing emf of two cells
Measurement of internal resistance of a cell
Magnetic effects of current and magnetism 3 Concept of Magnetic Field
Oersted’s Experiment
Biot-Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop
Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire
Straight and Toroidal Solenoid
Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic fields.
Force on a moving charge in uniform electric fields.
Cyclotron
Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field
Force between two parallel current carrying conductors
Definition of Ampere
Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field
Current sensitivity of Moving Coil Galvanometer
Conversion of Moving Coil Galvanometer to Ammeter
Conversion of Moving coil Galvanometer to Voltmeter
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment
Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron
Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole of bar magnet along its axis and perpendicular to its axis
Torque on a magnetic dipole of bar magnet in a uniform magnetic field
Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid
Magnetic field lines
Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements
Paramagnetic substances with examples
Diamagnetic substances with examples
Ferromagnetic substances with examples
Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths
Permanent Magnets
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents 2 Electromagnetic induction
Faraday’s law
Induced emf and current
Lenz’s Law
Eddy currents
Self and mutual inductance
Alternating currents
Peak and Rms value of Alternating Current
Peak and Rms value of Alternating Voltage
Reactance and impedance
LC oscillations of qualitative treatment only
LCR series circuit
Resonance
Power in AC circuits
Wattles Current
AC generator and transformer
Electromagnetic Waves 0 or 1 Need for Displacement Current
Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics of qualitative ideas only
Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves
Electromagnetic spectrum of Radio waves which includes elementary facts and their uses
Electromagnetic spectrum of Micro waves which includes elementary facts and their uses
Electromagnetic spectrum of Infrared rays which includes elementary facts and their uses
Electromagnetic spectrum of Visible rays which includes elementary facts and their uses
Electromagnetic spectrum of Ultraviolet rays which includes elementary facts and their uses
Electromagnetic spectrum of X-rays which includes elementary facts and their uses
Electromagnetic spectrum of Gamma rays which includes elementary facts and their uses
Optics 3 Reflection of Light
Spherical Mirrors
Mirror formula
Refraction of light
Total internal reflection and its applications optical fibres
Refraction at Spherical Surfaces
Lenses
Thin lens formula
Lens-maker’s formula
Magnification
Power of a Lens
Combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror
Refraction and Dispersion of light through a prism
Scattering of light- blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset
Optical Instruments
Human Eye
Image Formation and Accommodation
Correction of eye defects like Myopia and Hypermetropia using lenses
Microscopes and Astronomical telescopes of reflecting and refracting and their magnifying powers
Wave optics
Wavefront and Huygens’ principle
Reflection and Refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts
Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle
Interference
Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width
Coherent sources and sustained interference of light
Diffraction due to a single slit
Width of central maximum
Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes
Polarisation
Plane polarized light
Brewster’s law
Uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids
Dual Nature of Matter and radiation 2 Photoelectric effect
Hertz and Lenard’s observations
Einstein’s photoelectric equation
Particle nature of light
Matter waves
Wave nature of particles
De Broglie relation
The conclusion of Davisson-Germer experiment
Atoms and Nuclei 3 Alpha- particle scattering experiments
Rutherford’s model of atom
Bohr model
Energy levels
Hydrogen spectrum
Composition and size of nucleus
Atomic masses
Isotopes
Isobars
Isotones
Radioactivity- Alpha particles or rays and their properties decay law
Radioactivity- Beta particles or rays and their properties decay law
Radioactivity- Gamma particles or rays and their properties decay law
Mass-energy relation
Mass defect
Binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number
Nuclear fission and fusion
Electronic Devices 2 or 3 Energy bands in solids
Conductors
Insulators
Semiconductors
Semiconductor diode
I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias
Diode as a rectifier
I-V characteristics of LED
Photodiode
Solar Cell
Zener Diode
Zener diode as a voltage regulator
Junction transistor
Transistor action
Characteristics of a Transistor
Transistor as an amplifier of common emitter configuration and oscillator
OR gate
AND gate
NOT gate
NAND gate
NOR gate
Transistor as a switch

NEET CHEMISTRY WEIGHTATE & SYLLABUS

Same as the Physics subject, Chemistry also consists of 45 questions for in NEET 2019. Have a look at the NEET Chemistry Syllabus along with the weightage of chapters from the syllabus of Class 11th and 12th.

Try Chapter wise Practice tests for NEET Chemistry

Section Unit weightage Topic
Chemistry Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 0 or 1 General introduction
Important and scope of chemistry
Laws of Chemical Combination
Dalton’s Atomic Theory
Concept of elements
Atoms and molecules
Atomic and Molecular Masses
Mole concept and molar mass
Percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula
Chemical reactions
Stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry
Structure of Atom 1 Atomic Number
Isotopes and Isobars
Concept of shells and subshells
Dual nature of matter and light
De Broglie’s relationship
Heisenberg uncertainty principle
Concept of orbital
Quantum numbers
Shapes of s,p and d orbitals
Rules for filling electrons in orbitals
Aufbau principle
Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule
Electronic configuration of atoms
Stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals
Classification of elements and periodicity in properties 3 Modern periodic law and long form of periodic table
Periodic trends in properties of elements
Atomic radii
Ionic radii
Ionization enthalpy
Electron gain enthalpy
Electronegativity
Valence
Chemical Bonding And Molecular Structure 4 Valence electrons
Ionic bond
Covalent bond
Bond parameters
Lewis structure
Polar character of covalent bond
Valence bond theory
Resonance
Geometry of molecules
VSEPR theory
Concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules
Molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules
Hydrogen bond
States of Matter: Gases and Liquids 1 Three states of matter
Intermolecular interactions
Types of bonding
Melting and Boiling points
Role of gas laws of elucidating the concept of the molecule
Boyle’s law
Charle’s law
Gay Lussac’s law
Avogadro’s law
Ideal behaviour of gases
Empirical derivation of gas equation
Avogadro number
Ideal gas equation
Kinetic energy and molecular speeds
Deviation from Ideal behaviour
Liquefaction of gases
Critical temperature
Liquid State
Vapour pressure
Viscosity and surface tension
Thermodynamics 2 First law of thermodynamics
Internal Energy and Enthalpy
Heat capacity and specific heat
Measurement of Delta U and Delta H
Hess’s law of constant heat summation
Enthalpy of bond dissociation
Enthalpy of combustion
Enthalpy of formation
Enthalpy of atomization
Enthalpy of sublimation
Enthalpy of phase transition
Enthalpy of ionization
Enthalpy of solution
Enthalpy of dilution
Introduction of entropy as state function
Second law of thermodynamics
Gibbs energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process
Criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity
Introduction of Third law of Thermopdynamics
Equilibrium 2 Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes
Dynamic nature of equilibrium
Law of chemical equilibrium
Equilibrium constant
Factors affecting equilibrium
Le Chatelier’s principle
Ionic equilibrium
Ionization of acids and bases
Strong and weak electrolytes
Degree of ionization
Ionization of polybasic acids
Acid strength
Concept of pH
Fundamenntal of Hydrolysis of salts
Buffer solutions
Henderson equation
Solubility product
Common ion effect with examples
Redox Reactions 0 or 1 Concept of oxidation and reduction
Redox reactions oxidation number
Balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers
Hydrogen 1 Occurrence
Isotopes
Preparation
Properties and uses of hydrogen
Ionic hydrides
Covalent and Interstitial
Physical and Chemical properties of water
Heavy Water
Preparation of hydrogen peroxide
Reactions
Uses and structure
S-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals) 0 or 1 Group I and group 2 elements
General introduction
Electronic configuration
Occurrence
Anomalous properties of the first element of each group
Diagonal Relationship
Trends in the variation of properties such as Ionization Enthalpy, Atomic and Ionic rRdii
Trends in chemical reactivity with Oxygen
Trends in chemical reactivity with Water
Trends in chemical reactivity with Hydrogen
Trends in chemical reactivity with Halogens
Uses
Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds
Sodium Carbonate
Sodium Chloride
Sodium Hydroxide and Sodium Hydrogencarbonate
Biological importance of Sodium and Potassium
Industrial use of Lime and Limestone
Biological importance of Mg and Ca
Some p-Block Elements 3 General Introduction to p-Block Elements
Group 13 elements
General introduction
Electronic configuration
Occurrence
Variation of properties
Oxidation states
Trends in chemical reactivity
Anomalous properties of first element of the group
Boron
some important compounds
Borax
Boric acids
Boron hydrides
Aluminium
Uses
Reactions with acids and alkalies
General 14 elements
Anomalous behaviour of first element
Carbon
Allotropic Forms
Physical and Chemical properties
Uses of some important compounds
Oxides
Important compounds of silicon and a few uses
Silicon tetrachloride
Silicones
Silicates
Zeolites
Uses of Silicones
Uses of Silicates
Uses of Zeoloites
Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques 3 General introduction
Methods of Purification Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis
Classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds
Electronic displacements in a covalent bond
Inductive effect
Electromeric effect
Resonance and Hyper conjugation
Homolytic and Heterolytic fission of a covalent bond
Free radials
Carbocations
Carbanions
Electrophiles and Nucleophiles
Types of organic reactions
Hydrocarbons 2 Nomenclature of Alkanes
Isomerism
Conformations of ethane
Physical properties
Chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation
Combustion and Pyrolysis
Structure of ethene double bond
Geometrical isomerism
Methods of Preparation
Chemical reactions
Addition of Hydrogen
Halogen
Water
Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect of hydrogen halides
Ozonolysis
Oxidation
Mechanism of electrophilic addition
Nomenclature of Alkynes
Structure of Ethyne triple bond
Acidic character of Alkynes
Addition reaction of Hydrogen
Addition reaction of Halogens
Addition reaction of Hydrogen Halides
Addition reaction of Water
Introduction of Aromatic Hydrocarbons
IUPAC nomenclature
Benzene
Resonance
Aromaticity
Chemical Properties
Mechanism of electrophilic substitution
Nitration sulphonation
Halogenation
Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation
Directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene
Carcinogenicity and Toxicity
Environmental Chemistry 0 or 1 Environmental pollution
Air pollution
Water Pollution
Soil pollution
Chemical reactions in atmosphere
Smogs
Major atmospheric pollutants
Acid rain ozone and its reactions
Effects of depletion of ozone layer
Greenhouse effect and global warming-pollution due to industrial wastes
Green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution
Strategy for control of environmental pollution
Solid State 2 Classification of solids based on different binding forces
Molecular solids
Ionic covalent solids
Metallic solids
Fundamentals of amorphous and crystalline solids
Unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices
Calculation of density of unit cell
Packing in solids
Packing efficiency
Voids
Number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell
Point defects
Electrical and Magnetic properties
Band theory of metals
Conductors
Semiconductors and Insulators
Solutions 2 Types of solutions
Expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids
Solubility of gases in liquids
Solid solutions
Colligative properties
Relative lowering of vapour pressure
Raoult’s law
Elevation of boiling point
Depression of freezing point
Osmotic pressure
Determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass
Van Hoff factor
Electrochemistry 1 Redox reactions
Conductance in electrolytic solutions
Specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration
Kohlrausch’s Law
Fundamentals of electrolysis and Laws of electrolysis
Dry cell
Electrolytic cells
Galvanic cells
Lead accumulator
EMF of a cell
Standard electrode potential
Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell
Fuel cells
Corrosion
Chemical Kinetics 2 Rate of a Average reaction
Rate of a Instantaneous reaction
Factors affecting rates of reaction
Concentration
Temperature
Catalyst
Order and molecularity of a reaction
Rate law and specific rate constant
Integrated rate equations and half life for zero and first order reactions
Concept of collision theory
Activation Energy
Arrhenious Equation
Surface Chemistry 1 Adsorption
Physisorption and Chemisorption
Factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids
Catalysis homogeneous and heterogeneous
Activity and Selectivity
Enzyme Catalysis
Colloidal state
Distinction between true solutions
Colloids and suspensions
Lyophillic
Lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids
Properties of colloids
Tyndall effect
Brownian movement
Electrophoresis
Coagulation
Emulsions
Types of emulsions
General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements 1 Principles and methods of extraction
Concentration
Oxidation
Reduction electrolytic method and refining
Occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium
Occurrence and principles of extraction of copper
Occurrence and principles of extraction of zinc
Occurrence and principles of extraction of iron
P- Block Elements 3 Group 15 elements
General introduction
Electronic configuration
Occurrence
Oxidation states
Trends in Physical and Chemical properties
Preparation and Properties of Ammonia and Nitric acid
Oxides of Nitrogen Structure
Phosphorous
Allotropic Forms
Compounds of Phosphorous
Preparation and Properties of Phosphine
Halides (PCI3, PCI5) and Oxoacids
Group 16 elements
Dioxygen
Preparation
Properties and Uses
Classification of Oxides
Ozone
Sulphur
Compounds of Sulphur
Properties and uses of Sulphur Dioxide
Sulphuric acid
Industrial process of manufacture
Oxoacids of Sulphur Structure
Group 17 elements
Compounds of Halogens
Properties and uses of Chlorine and Hydrochloric acid
Structures of interhalogen compounds and Oxoacids of Halogens
Group 18 elements
Uses
d and f Block Elements 1 General introduction
Electronic configuration
Characteristics of Transition metals
General trends in properties of the first row transition metals
Metallic character
Ionization enthalpy
Oxidation states
Ionic radii
Colour
Catalytic property
Magnetic properties
Interstitial compounds
Alloy formation
Preparation and Properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4
Lanthanoids
Chemical Reactivity
Lanthanoid Contraction and its Consequences
Actinoids
Oxidation states and comparison with Lanthanoids
Coordination Compounds 1 Introduction
Ligands
Coordination number
Colour
Magnetic properties and shapes
IUPAC Nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds
Structural Isomerism Bonding
Stereo Isomerism Bonding
Werner’s theory VBT
Werner’s theory CFT
Qualitative analysis of coordination compounds
Biological systems of coordination compounds
Haloalkanes and Haloarenes 0 or 1 Haloalkanes
Nomenclature
Nature of C –X bond
Physical and Chemical properties
Mechanism of Substitution Reactions
Optical Rotation
Haloarenes
Nature of C-X bond
Substitution reactions of Halogen for monosubstituted compounds
Uses and Environment Effects of Dichloromethane
Uses and Environment Effects of Trichloromethane
Uses and Environment Effects of Tetrachloromethane
Uses and Environment Effects of Iodoform
Uses and Environment Effects of Freons
Uses and Environment Effects of DDT
Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers 2 Alcohols
Nomenclature
Methods of Preparation
Physical and Chemical properties of primary alcohols
Identification of Primary
Secondary and Tertiary Alcohols
Mechanism of dehydration
Uses with special reference to Methanol and Ethanol
Phenols
Physical and Chemical properties
Acidic nature of Phenol
Electrophillic substitution reactions
Uses of phenols
Ethers
Physical and Chemical properties uses
Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids 2 Aldehydes and Ketones
Nomenclature
Nature of carbonyl group
Methods of Preparation
Physical and Chemical properties
Mechanism of nucleophilic addition
Reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes
Uses
Carboxylic Acids
Acidic nature
Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen 1 Amines
Nomenclature
Classification
Structure
Methods of Preparation
Physical and Chemical properties
Uses
Identification of Primary Secondary and Tertiary amines
Cyanides and Isocyanides
Will be mentioned at relevant places
Diazonium Salts
Preparation
Chemical reactions and importance in Synthetic Organic Chemistry
Biomolecules 3 Carbohydrates
Classification of Aldoses and Ketoses
Monosaccharide Glucose and Fructose
D.L
Configuration
Oligosaccharides Sucrose, Lactose, Maltose
Polysaccharides Starch, Cellulose, Glycogen
Importance
Proteins
Elementary idea of Amino Acids
Peptide Bond
Polypeptides
Primary structure
Secondary structure
Tertiary Structure and Quaternary Structure
Denaturation of Proteins
Enzymes
Hormones
Classification and Function of Vitamins
Nucleic acids
DNA and RNA
Polymers 1 Classification of Natural and synthetic polymers
Methods of Polymerization with addition and Condensation
Copolymerization
Some important Polymers
Natural and Synthetic like Polyesters
Bakelite
Rubber
Biodegradable and non-Biodegradable polymers
Chemistry in Everyday life 2 Chemicals in medicines
Analgesics
Tranquilizers
Antiseptics
Disinfectants
Antimicrobials
Antifertility Drugs
Antibiotics
Antacids
Antihistamines
Chemicals in food
Preservatives
Artificial Sweetening Agents
Fundamentals of Antioxidants
Cleansing agents
Soaps and Detergents
Cleansing Action
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